CBD oil is growing in popularity and, naturally, people want to understand the different elements that make this oil so special. One of the more aromatic additions to CBD are terpenes. Terpenes are what evoke the incredible smells we associate with plant life and other flora.
More than just a smell, these fragrant compounds can enhance CBD oil’s therapeutic effects. Understanding their incredible properties will help you get the most out of your CBD oil consumption and help build a knowledge base around taking CBD as a health supplement.
As we have already mentioned, terpenes are the aromatic compounds that can be found in different species of plants. Terpenes are what give flora their characteristic scents that we as humans are accustomed to.
For example, we know the smell of roses, lemons as they are peeled, and the strong and comforting smell of eucalyptus. These scents are what created through terpenes, making them a crucial element of how we interact with plants.
These terpenes are often used to manufacture scents and flavours that are used in items like lotions, fragrances, and even in some foods. However, the term terpenes has been widely associated with cannabis, known for its own pungent smell.
Unsurprisingly, there are over 200 different types of terpenes found in cannabis plants - a higher concentration than found in other flora. Its distinctive smell divides users on its appeal.
Scientists have found that there are over 20,000 different types of terpenes in the environment and they play a crucial role in the plants that they live within. They help you attract pollinators and protect plants by repelling predators. They can also aid plants recovery from damage as well as boost plants’ immune function. Helping plants and the environment they inhabit, it is unsurprising to find they benefit humans too.
The Different Types of Terpenes
There are three distinct classes of chemical compounds that are found in hemp: cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. There are, however, 200 distinct types of terpenes that have been identified with the potential of many more to be uncovered as research widens around them
Full spectrum CBD oil is made from all the natural phytocompounds that are found in hemp, including terpenes. This includes all the terpenes that can be found in specific strains as well. Here are some of the most common hemp terpenes that you can find in hemp plants today:
Some of the most common types of terpenes associated with hemp, Myrcene have a rich, earthy, and herbal scent - incredibly fresh as if you had broken the stock of a freshly-cultivated hemp plant. They have the smallest terpenoid chemical structure but it has a long list of unique benefits.
Creating aromas that we are very familiar with, one of the most common terpenes in hemp is known as linalool. The scent it produces is delicate and floral, and can be found in plants like lavender and camomile.
Some brands add linalool to their range of topical products due to its lovely, soothing scent. One industry that relies heavily on this is aromatherapy.
Found commonly in the rinds of citrus, particularly lemons, the limonene terpene is easy to guess from its name. It is considered an integral part of many hemp extract products as it adds a lovely flavour and aroma profile to any CBD oil.
While not much is known about this terpene at all, the ocimene terpenes are something that scientists find intriguing. They are one of the most obscure and least researched compounds in the hemp plant, so the benefits are still to be discovered.
Found in hemp, the humulene terpene is an incredibly ‘hoppy’ scent, similar to that which you find in beers and a variety of other brews. This terpene is responsible for giving beer the rich and hoppy taste that we are familiar with, particularly in craft beers.
Found in cinnamon, cloves, black pepper, as well as hemp, caryophyllene is considered one of the most abundant terpenes available. While not much research has been done on the benefits of caryophyllene individually, it is a terpene that scientists are keen to understand more about. With its lovely spicy and woody aroma, this terpene is one to look out for.
With very few CBD products on the market that contain terpinolene as the dominant terpenoid, terpinolene is still an interesting terpenoid and one that will have more research over the coming years.
Found within pine needles, pinene terpenes are responsible for the lovely and distinctive pine smell that we are accustomed to. Not only found in pine needles, pinene can also be found in specific strains of hemp, in some citrus trees, as well as several different conifers.
A beautiful aroma, it is included in a variety of products such as car fresheners and is a popular addition to many CBD products.
Terpenes in Plants
Some of the most common terpenes have been listed above. They are important components of CBD oil and sometimes brands add extra terpenes to supplement their products in order to represent a specific hemp strain.
While terpenes can be found in a multitude of CBD products, they are most commonly found in full spectrum products. When using CBD isolated oils, you are getting only a fraction of the hemp extract. This means that you lose a lot of components including terpenes and cannabinoids.
Benefits of Using Terpenes with CBD Oil
Like all research based around CBD, very little has been done to fully support the potential benefits that terpenes could have on humans and their conditions. However, there does appear to be a synergistic effect between cannabinoids and hemp terpenes.
Scientists do believe that hemp cannabinoids function better when terpenes are present rather than being isolated components. Arguably, this means that using full-spectrum CBD products could offer more effective treatments in a physiological sense.
While plenty more research has to be carried out, it is clear that terpenes do have promising potential for people utilising CBD to treat chronic conditions.
Terpenes and the Entourage Effect
When CBD products, of all calibres, contain terpenes it is believed that they can help create an effect known as the entourage effect. This is present in substances like THC and CBD. The theory holds that, when combined, these substances have synergistic effects making the CBD products more effective.
By ensuring that you have terpenes in your CBD, you are allowing terpenes and cannabinoids to work together to treat a particular ailment. This could be to reduce inflammation, help with your anxiety, provide pain relief for those who have chronic issues, and so on. While research is ongoing, it is hopeful that the entourage effect has significant benefits on the human body and mind.
The Importance of CBD Terpenes
Not just essential in hemp, terpenes are a crucial component of every type of plant and their oil extracts. Terpenes are able to enhance CBD oil and other hemp-based products as well as being able to provide a host of benefits by themselves.
Using terpenes with CBD allows you to fully utilise CBD in your body. If you want to know more about hemp, CBD oil, or the benefits of Terpenes, get in touch with CBD Farmacy today and experience our wide range of tinctures, pastes, capsules, and more.