When people hear the term CBD, they usually think of the cannabis plant or CBD oil itself. While CBD is indeed a cannabidiol, there are three different types of CBD on the market that are sold to consumers. They are referred to as full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.
While they all contain CBD, their main differences are the amount of naturally occurring plant compounds that are found in the extract that is used in your products or oil. Some studies have shown that particular types of CBD are better at managing pain or helping with conditions such as anxiety.
One of the many compounds in the cannabis plant, CBD or cannabidiol is one of the most well known, followed closely by THC or tetrahydrocannabinol which is what creates the sensation of inebriation when ingesting products that contain it. We have developed our guide to help you understand the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate to work out which is better for you.
Are All Types of CBD Legal?
Within the United Kingdom, as long as hemp-derived CBD products contain less than 0.2% THC, they are legal. Within the United States, this percentage is increased to 0.3% but this varies state to state.
Ensure that you have checked your local laws before purchasing CBD but you will be able to purchase it without many issues if you ensure that you purchase from a reputable retailer like CBD Farmacy.
The Differences Between the Types of CBD Oil
While all forms of CBD can be useful there are differences in the main types of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate all vary in the different compounds that are contained within each of them.
The easiest way to explain them is by distinguishing these compounds. Full-spectrum CBD products contain naturally occurring cannabis plant extracts. This includes compounds like cannabinoids and terpenes, and even THC up to 0.2 or 0.3% depending on whether you are in the United Kingdom or the United States.
The next form of CBD is known as broad-spectrum CBD. What differentiates it from full-spectrum CBD is that it contains absolutely no THC, whilst still containing all of the other naturally derived cannabinoids.
Finally, CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD. In the name, it contains no other compounds within it from the cannabis plant bar CBD.
Always purchase your CBD from a reputable source and check to ensure the legitimacy of the CBD products you buy. Many manufacturers use the word nonchalantly and are capitalising on its recent popularity in the health scene.
How CBD Oil is Extracted
To extract CBD oil from the cannabis plant, there are three common ways that are used to create full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolate. They are carbon dioxide extraction, steam distillation, and solvent extraction.
Carbon Dioxide Extraction
Carbon dioxide extraction uses carbon dioxide or CO2 to separate the CBD extract from the cannabis or hemp plant. It is a very popular method as it produces a high concentration and quality CBD which is perfect for full spectrum CBD oils.
Steam distillation is where steam is used to separate the oil from the plant material. Used commonly when extracting essential oils from plants, it is considered to be not as effective as CO2 as it brings a lot of residue with it.
Considered an effective method as long as the solvents are left behind, the major issue with using solvent extraction is that it does pose a potential health risk. This is due to the solvent having high ethanol content and it can also negatively impact the flavour of the extract which can lessen the experience of the CBD oil.
Modern Extraction Processes
Lipid extraction is gaining in popularity with more manufacturers trying to avoid items that contain CO2 or solvents. This is possibly going to lead to how extraction is done in the future as companies continue to experiment with extraction methods.
What Type Of CBD Is Made After Extraction?
After the extraction process, the CBD that remains is considered to be full-spectrum. It should be noted that, if it is hemp-sourced CBD, it will have THC concentration of 0.3% or less.
To ensure that the extraction can become CBD isolate, it must undergo a further cooling and purification process to obtain a CBD isolate product. This processing leaves CBD crystals as well as a by product.
The Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD
Filled with consistent benefits, full-spectrum CBD has multiple cannabinoids within it, all these compounds deriving from the cannabis plant that it is extracted from. Full-spectrum does contain low levels of THC but these are usually below 0.3% and will be below 0.2% on a dry weight basis if in the United Kingdom.
While THC is clearly present, it isn’t at a quantity that is going to be able to inebriate you. Though, despite this, some manufacturers can increase the levels of THC when creating concentrates which means that some oils can contain up to 2 milligrams per millilitre of THC which some describe as having a euphoric effect.
Another ingredient that is contained in full spectrum CBD is terpenes which is what gives the cannabis plant its rich aroma. Much research points towards full spectrum CBD delivering the ‘Entourage Effect’.
The Entourage Effect is where multiple compounds interact with one another as well as the CBD extract, creating additional health benefits in the resulting CBD. These compounds create health benefits that include:
● Pain management
● Anti-anxiety properties
● Anti-inflammatory properties
● Properties that help with the effects of a seizure
● Anti-oxidant properties
Full spectrum CBD has also been shown to ease symptoms of psychotic conditions, being used frequently in children with autism and help provide pain relief for those who suffer from muscle spasming.
The Benefits of Broad Spectrum CBD
While broad-spectrum CBD doesn’t contain THC, other than in possible trace amounts, it still contains additional compounds from the cannabis plant which can aid in its health benefits. Some of the materials contained in broad-spectrum CBD are cannabichromene, terpenes, and cannabinol. Broad-spectrum has a range of potential health benefits like:
● Seizure preventative properties
● Anti-inflammatory properties
● Antibiotic properties
Due to containing a myriad of cannabinoids, broad-spectrum CBD, like full-spectrum CBD is capable of delivering the ‘entourage effect’ leading to additional health benefits. For those worried about drug testing, broad-spectrum is a perfect alternative to full spectrum which might have trace amounts show up on a test.
The Benefits of CBD Isolate
CBD isolate is different from broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD because it doesn’t contain any of the additional compounds from the cannabis plant that are found in the other types of CBD. For those who are nervous about having any contact with THC, CBD isolate products are the best option.
Using CBD isolate products solely can help people determine whether CBD alone is able to effectively treat issues and ailments that you might have, assessing whether there are other active compounds that might interact or even interfere with its effect. It should be noted though that most science points towards having more active compounds from the cannabis plant in your CBD to have better results. CBD isolate is commonly found in products that use some form of a carrier oil or solution, such as certain CBD edibles and CBD e-liquid for vaping devices.
Using CBD to Help You Today
Research is ongoing with the incredible potential benefits that CBD products can bring to those with health issues. While full and broad-spectrum products appear to be more successful in regard to treating conditions, CBD isolate is still undergoing research to highlight its effectiveness and potential.
If you are wanting to learn more about the incredible benefits of CBD oil or need some advice on whether full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate is for you, get in touch with CBD Farmacy today. We have a range of CBD products that fit all needs.